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650-294 TelePresence Video sphere Engineer for(R) Express

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650-294 exam Dumps Source : TelePresence Video sphere Engineer for(R) Express

Test Code : 650-294
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Cisco Cisco TelePresence Video Field

From theory to Multi-Billion dollar business: Cisco TelePresence Redefining the playing box | killexams.com existent Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Over six years in the past, i used to be asked to build and lead a Cisco crew to incubate novel rising technologies that can generate $1 billion worth of revenue and permit Cisco to entrap key market transitions, riding the community as a platform.  collectively, this entrepreneurial team investigated market trends and client needs and perquisite away realized that video and greater chiefly video communications was going to be a game changer and seriously change continuously the style individuals talk and collaborate.  i treasure to say: phrases carry which means; an image says a thousand words; but video says flawless of it.

That turned into the delivery of a imaginative and prescient and theory called telepresence.  It’s about supplying a video adventure so intuitive, so practical and natural that it recreates an in-adult journey. nowadays, TelePresence is a smartly based market class, in a multi-billion dollar market where Cisco owns over 50% market share.  I suppose honored and privileged to had been fraction of this suffer with the Cisco group.  they now savor completed a distinguished deal to be satisfied with and there is lots extra to dream and innovate.

What started as their suffer to retailer shuttle charges and optimize worker productiveness for agencies global, has nowadays developed to accelerating time to market, increasing access to experts (affected person care, education and other expert far off services) and transforming how agencies enact business.

Now that we’ve reached their 5-12 months milestone with Cisco TelePresence, it’s time to focus on the location their vision will hold us from here. Their way is basic: they are dedicated to making Cisco TelePresence available to each person, far and wide.

Sounds too ambitious? link us at a reside webcast on October 25 at 9:00 a.m. PT the location they can unveil the subsequent fraction in their evolution and redefine TelePresence.

Pre-register these days for the virtual Launch adventure/Ustream (Talk2Cisco).

Share:


CDW diagnosed as Cisco TelePresence Video grasp approved expertise provider associate | killexams.com existent Questions and Pass4sure dumps

VERNON HILLS, ill.--(enterprise WIRE)--CDW announced nowadays that it has done TelePresence Video grasp approved expertise company (ATP) status from Cisco. This designation recognizes CDW, a Cisco Gold partner, as having fulfilled the working towards requirements and program must haves to promote, deploy and assist Cisco TelePresence Video items and solutions on the grasp level.

The Cisco TelePresence Video grasp ATP software gives a brand novel manner of working in which each person, flawless over can be extra productive via face-to-face collaboration over Cisco TelePresence Video options. A Cisco TelePresence Video master ATP accomplice has the gold criterion depth of talents and skill in deploying the entire Cisco video endpoint portfolio, which comprises single- and triple-reveal Cisco TelePresence devices, customized TelePresence suites and infrastructure solutions. Cisco TelePresence Video master ATP partners possess deep networking and superior Cisco Unified Communications capabilities, regional to global insurance and a powerful and ripen functions apply.

“CDW is haughty to add Cisco TelePresence Video grasp ATP accomplice to their Cisco master Certifications in unified communications, managed services and protection. here is a fabulous accomplishment in their business,” said Christine Holloway, vp of converged infrastructure solutions, CDW. “As attested through the eight Cisco partner of the year awards they received earlier this 12 months, CDW has a a hit, lengthy-term partnership with Cisco that allows for us to invariably meet their clients’ precise know-how needs. They price Cisco’s potential in telepresence, and are excited to travail with their customers as they undertake this creative technology.”

“The Cisco TelePresence Video grasp ATP program is designed to permit companions to hold expertise of the large market opportunities forward – not simplest within the telepresence house however too in the typical collaboration market,” mentioned Richard McLeod, senior director of collaboration for international channels at Cisco. “As a Cisco TelePresence Video master ATP partner, CDW has made an funding within the earnings, technical and life cycle features capabilities necessary to bring the trade’s most finished and interoperable Cisco TelePresence Video portfolio.”

The Cisco authorized technology provider (ATP) software is fraction of the Cisco go-to-market strategy for emerging applied sciences. The application helps Cisco to define the expertise, talents and services that channel partners deserve to efficiently sell, install and help an emerging expertise. as the market changes, an ATP designation may well be discontinued or can too evolve into a Cisco specialization.

about the Cisco TelePresence and Video Collaboration answer

Cisco TelePresence® and Video collaboration options deliver life-like, high-definition, conferencing amenities with advanced audio and video, enabling members to fulfill their colleagues, purchasers and company companions throughout a virtual desk. participants can savor a equal-room assembly event, in spite of the fact that they are located in diverse places everywhere. contributors can additionally meet greater frequently and luxuriate in more productive sessions, assisting to augment enterprise interactions whereas probably building greater client relationships, accelerating earnings cycles, enhancing undertaking administration and forming tighter integration with far flung places of work.

About CDW

CDW is a number one issuer of know-how solutions for business, executive, training and healthcare. Ranked No. 32 on Forbes’ checklist of the us’s largest deepest agencies, CDW features committed account managers who assist shoppers select the perquisite expertise products and services to fullfil their wants. The enterprise’s reply architects present potential in designing customized options, whereas its superior technology engineers assist shoppers with the implementation and lengthy-time age administration of those options. Areas of headquarters of attention encompass software, network communications, notebooks/mobile contraptions, facts storage, video screens, computers, printers and solutions similar to virtualization, collaboration, protection, mobility, data core optimization and cloud computing. CDW turned into headquartered in 1984 and employs greater than 6,600 coworkers. For the trailing twelve months ended September 30, 2011, the traffic generated earnings of $9.4 billion. For greater guidance, hunt counsel from CDW.com.

Cisco, the Cisco emblem and Cisco TelePresence are trademarks or registered logos of Cisco and/or its affiliates in the U.S. and different countries. a list of Cisco's emblems can be organize at www.cisco.com/go/trademarks.


Cisco's Telepresence Video Chat is anticipated for homes next Week | killexams.com existent Questions and Pass4sure dumps

we now savor been hearing for a long time that Cisco changed into interested to find down with Joe Blow on the street, so it's not at flawless astonishing to listen to that subsequent week they may be rumored to unveil a "affordable" domestic-telepresence product.

When they shriek inexpensive, they imply it may not cost a entire lot a brace of of their Flip camcorders, at round $200 sponsored. AllThingsD is listening to that at a press suffer next Wednesday Cisco will launch the provider with both Comcast or Verizon, and that the unsubsidized rate might be across the $500 mark.

For years now Cisco has been demo-ing its telepresence know-how, which has been attainable to companies interested to video conference everywhere.

there's an glaring want for Cisco to find this expertise into homes, but when Skype is already on many computer systems and TVs—for free—it should be a battle to convince Mums and Dads they should shell out a pair hundred notes for some thing that simplest in reality offers more desirable HD decision.

Sitting in entrance of a tv and video-chatting alas is rarely that much of a distinct attitude for Cisco. [AllThingsD]


650-294 TelePresence Video sphere Engineer for(R) Express

Study usher Prepared by Killexams.com Cisco Dumps Experts


Killexams.com 650-294 Dumps and existent Questions

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Vendor name : Cisco
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From Gene Editing to A.I., How Will Technology Transform Humanity? | killexams.com existent questions and Pass4sure dumps

“A geneticist, an oncologist, a roboticist, a novelist and an A.I. researcher walk into a bar.” That could be the setup for a very tainted joke — or a tremendously fascinating conversation. Fortunately for us, it was the latter. On a blustery evening in late September, in a private scope at a bar near Times Square, the magazine gathered five brilliant scientists and thinkers around a table for a three-hour dinner. In the (edited) transcript below — moderated by tag Jannot, a epic editor at the magazine and a former editor in chief of current Science — you can note what they had to shriek about the future of medicine, health care and humanity.

MARK JANNOT: For years, many pregnant women savor undergone amniocentesis to test for rare metabolic disorders and other fetal issues. And couples who utilize in vitro fertilization can screen the embryos for genetic abnormalities. What sorts of advances in genetic screening and manipulation are coming, and where enact you note that taking us?

CATHERINE MOHR: When I was pregnant with my daughter, my husband and I were joking, “Well, if she gets the best of both of us, she’ll be a superhero, and if she gets the worst of both of us, she’s not going to construct it out of first grade.” And so they were rolling the genetic dice, which you enact when you choose to savor a child. It’s not totally random, of course; there’s flawless kinds of distinguished things about your mate — that’s why you chose them — and hopefully there’s some pretty righteous things about you, too. But the temptation to engineer what you assume of as the best combination, as they become more capable of doing it, I assume it’s going to be irresistible for a lot of people. You’re investing so much of your life into this diminutive being, and you’re going to treasure this child, and you want to give them every advantage in life. They are already screening for diseases to avoid passing on their “bad” genes, but this very technology will let us start screening for their “best” genes — the ones they really want to pass on. As screening becomes cheaper, easier and more reliable, and more people are using assisted-reproductive technologies, I note us, as a society, sliding down that slippery slope pretty far, one brace at a time, each trying to enact what’s best for the child they are hoping to bring into the world.

SIDDHARTHA MUKHERJEE: It’s certainly a tempting path, toward a potentially terrifying slope. But that only works if you enact in vitro fertilization and create a pool of testable embryos. Then you savor to biopsy those embryos-in-dishes, sequence their genes, identify and interpret the gene variants that you want to select (Variant A and B and C and D) and implant the “desirable” ones.

GEORGE CHURCH: Or they may gyrate to gene editing. If, for example, you savor a dominant-allele disorder, enjoy Huntington’s disease or Marfan syndrome, and you want to savor children, you could edit the sperm, change that allele so that flawless sperm are hardy and your offspring will be fine. flawless sperm arrive from spermatogonial stem cells in the man’s testes. You can utilize editing tools and travail on stem cells in Petri dishes so that you’re removing the tainted allele and replacing it with DNA that has been designed and synthesized on computer-controlled machines. And then you can implant a simple population in which you’ve checked that the edit is what you wanted it to be, with flawless cells with only the desired “on target” changes. This has been done in mice. It’s a distinguished opportunity. It’s only one time, and they’re righteous for life. In principle.

JANNOT: And why is that not being done now?

CHURCH: Until recently, they didn’t savor righteous methods for doing gene therapy that they could apply to editing stem cells, sperm cells.

JENNIFER EGAN: How difficult is it to edit genes?

MUKHERJEE: Well, that’s one of the surprises, is how extraordinarily simple it is. There are still technical challenges, and some of them may be difficult to surmount, but the protocol is quite simple. They recently edited a gene in human blood stem cells to enable therapy for some forms of leukemia. We’ve sequenced the genomes of the edited cells and savor not organize a lone “off target” upshot thus far, although they are still looking. For other genes, off-target effects savor been reported, so it seems that it’s case dependent. But over all, the loyalty of the system seems quite remarkable.

CHURCH: At this point, there’s nothing published in the literature demonstrating successful editing of human sperm stem cells, the germline. But if you want to edit the DNA of, say, pigs, it’s very simple with Crispr, which is a set of editing tools that uses enzymes, guided by RNA and proteins, to construct a change at a precise location in your DNA. You’re injecting a minuscule thing in that changes as diminutive as one ground pair out of six billion, in each cell. So it’s nanosurgery — very precise and automatically in many cells at once.

MUKHERJEE: It’s enjoy taking a massive encyclopedia and saying: Go to Volume 7, Section 8, Page 240, Paragraph 5, and change the word “this” to the word “that.” I’m simplifying, of course.

MOHR: And to utilize your encyclopedia analogy, everyone who is unlucky enough to savor their edition of the encyclopedia printed with “this” gets sickle-cell anemia, and everyone whose edition has “that” doesn’t. But, George, while you are adage they can’t quite enact gene editing of the germline cells for producing genetic-disease-free children, editing genes in the adult — gene therapies aimed at altering flawless of the ripen cells in an already-formed organ or a cancer — you’re adage that’s closer?

CHURCH: Some gene therapies involve adding missing genes, others involve subtracting toxic versions of genes and some involve precise editing. And yes, it’s getting closer; there are some gene therapies that are already approved for human use.

MUKHERJEE: At least one that is approved is for retina diseases. Not gene editing — changing the native genes in the genome — but introducing novel genetic material into human cells. That’s because introducing viruses carrying novel genetic material into the eye is easier. You can inject viruses because the immune system does not seem to be as active in the retina, and the injected virus doesn’t spread flawless over the body.

But the ones that involve gene editing are on their way, they’re in the pipeline. There’s a lab at Stanford that’s doing gene editing on blood stem cells for sickle-cell disease. Then you can transplant those blood cells and supersede the diseased cells, and the sickle-cell disease should be cured. We’ll find snug with it, and by solace I denote not just becoming snug with technically how to enact it, but realizing it doesn’t flawless of a sudden occasions some horrible cancer, or some terrible disease, which, if you interrogate me, I assume is quite unlikely. But at some point the determination will arrive down to the F.D.A. and other organizations; they’ll savor to say, let’s Go forward. Bottom line, their capacity to become more snug with the consequences of gene editing will arrive from diseases where the stakes, as it were, are more simple and higher — especially with a disease enjoy acute myeloid leukemia, where there’s an extremely elevated mortality rate — and then we’ll backtrack their way into reproductive technology.

CHURCH: I assume it’s more likely we’ll be using gene therapy first in childhood diseases, based on the realization that many diseases construct permanent damage by the time the child is born. enjoy blindness, for example — if you don’t rectify it very early in life, you can “cure” blindness in the sense that they can note photons, but they can’t really process them into an image.

MOHR: Blindness is an acute one in this context. It isn’t life-threatening enjoy the leukemias Sid was talking about, but the problem is an absence of function, which seems in some ways less risky to tackle. If you fail trying to fix it, you haven’t made it worse — the person is still blind — but if you enact succeed, there is only upside. I can imagine these are the kinds of deficits we’d be most interested to try to address because of the way they as people assume about risk: We’re O.K. with risking that things will find better, but not too satisfied doing it when there is a chance they’ll find worse.

CHURCH: Then there are the diseases that won’t touch people until late in life, but they could be treated with gene therapy very early in life. This may be the case with Alzheimer’s. They already know that the alleles that are highly associated with Alzheimer’s are something called APP, for early-stage Alzheimer’s, and the ApoE e4 variant, for late-stage. They could change them in the sperm cell to an allele that already exists in the population. And you’re changing it essentially 100 percent because it’s going through this bottleneck of a lone stem cell. And you’re not trying to change it to a gene that no one’s ever tested before; it’s a gene that’s been “tested” millions of times in the millions of people in whom it occurs naturally.

MOHR: So, in the very way that a woman might hold folate before and during pregnancy to avert neural tube defects in the fetus, you’d savor your partner hold the gene therapy to enact some allele substitution. “O.K., honey, I treasure a lot about you, but we’re going to necessity to edit out that cystic fibrosis variant and tweak those Alzheimer’s alleles of yours before they start thinking about kids.”

EGAN: Speaking as someone who is terrified of Alzheimer’s, engineering it away is an appealing prospect. But I wonder: Who exactly would savor access to this technology? Even basic reproductive technologies enjoy I.V.F. are expensive, so less viable for indigent people. One unintended consequence, it seems to me, could be a minuscule number of extremely hardy genetically engineered elites and a large and comparatively ill and genetically challenged underclass.

CHURCH: But flawless of these technologies are constantly getting cheaper — glance at what happened with the cost of sequencing the genome, from billions when they first did it to a few hundred dollars today. I assume these therapies would cessation up similar to preventive medicines enjoy vaccines. Vaccines are enhancement relative to their ancestors, and they’ve been able to be made ubiquitous. Their ancestors lived in mortal alarm of flawless these diseases, and they just hold it for granted that we’re immune to them.

EGAN: I’m struck by the tremendous self-possession with which you talk about these things, almost as if they had already happened. You’re thinking forward to a point when flawless of this will be a matter of course, but I’m still back at the point where it flawless sounds so speculative. I find myself thinking, Whoa, what about operator error? I mean, nothing technical works simply or perfectly, ever. And yet so much of what they hold for granted now — flying in airplanes, for example — would savor struck me as equally hubristic in the planning stages. And of course it is catastrophic when a plane crashes, but that’s an extreme rarity.

REGINA BARZILAY: We’re working with a intricate system that they are only beginning to understand today. It’s well known from selective breeding of domestic animals that selecting for one target trait often brings along many other undesirable and often unexpected traits. Let’s shriek you guys identified a genetic fix to a problem. How likely is it that changing “this” to “that,” following your analogy, is going to bring some other, unexpected side effects that they cannot control?

CHURCH: Well, in some of these things, you’re literally changing a gene to what is healthy. For instance, in the case of sickle cell, changing a particular gene variant to what everybody else has is probably pretty safe as long as you can be certain that’s what’s actually happening. So the probability of unexpected consequences seems quite low. Once they Go forward, as they find more and more confidence, they will start taking bigger and bigger steps; then they might cessation up with something that has unintended consequences. You know, eliminating smallpox from the entire world could savor had negative consequences. They rolled the dice and figured that they could back up if there were some problem. To assume that genetics is irreversible is no more likely than that eradicating smallpox is irreversible.

JANNOT: What are the most acute applications for A.I. in medicine perquisite now?

BARZILAY: This is a distinguished question. Companies enjoy Google and Facebook track every action you hold online and utilize that to build a model of your preferences. They then utilize this model to personalize the complete user experience, the content you see, the products they recommend to you, the advertisements they parade you. In some ways they know more about you than you know about yourself. But if you Go to any clinic, for cancer, heart disease, you name it — there is no A.I.

I erudite this in a very personal way. When I was 43, I went in for a routine mammogram, and flawless of a sudden I was diagnosed with breast cancer. This was a majestic shock because, to the best of my knowledge, nobody in my family had ever been diagnosed with cancer. At every point in my treatment, I had many more questions than my doctors had answers to. I bethink I did my mammogram, and they said, “Your cancer is really tiny.” I said “Great!” Then they went to M.R.I., and suddenly they note cancer flawless over. Then they did a biopsy, and they discovered it’s actually small; the M.R.I. was a unbecoming positive. How can they savor this high-resolution M.R.I. modality and still not know that this is a unbecoming positive?

For me as a computer scientist working in simulated intelligence, it seemed obvious to train a machine to construct these kinds of predictions. If you glance at what was happening in computer vision, A.I. systems could already identify very subtle distinctions between images, at a level of detail that’s difficult for the human eye to differentiate. Why enact people necessity to undergo unnecessary procedures and live with months of skepticism while the technology that can fully resolve the situation already exists?

And this was just one of many steps in the treatment pipeline where I saw how simulated intelligence could transform cancer diagnosis and treatment. As an A.I. researcher, I was stunned to note flawless these opportunities to succor patients squandered. From a patient’s perspective, it felt cruel. We’re talking about well-understood technology commercially deployed in other industries, not brand-new research. And this is a general trend. It doesn’t matter what your disease is; today, A.I. is not yet fraction of clinical treatment.

MOHR: This is a problem that really affects providers too — patients’ medical data are kept in flawless of these separate systems, so it’s difficult to find flawless the data about even one patient if there are multiple doctors involved in the care, let lonesome being able to compare the data on many different patients. It evolved this way because they used to savor paper records with narrative descriptions of each patient’s condition, and their privacy laws never anticipated the tools they would savor today — and what they could enact with the data.

JANNOT: So what needs to happen?

MOHR: Revamping their practices and regulations around medical data while maintaining individual privacy will be essential both for patients enjoy Regina and for A.I. researchers enjoy Regina. It’s likely to be slow, but it is starting.

BARZILAY: For my part, when I finally came back to my travail at M.I.T., my suffer as a cancer patient had totally changed my perspective, and I could not just Go back to my ragged research. I started asking: What is the best way to disburse my time, my mental energy? I could not forget the suffering and pain I saw in the hospital. I wanted to utilize data to provide answers now. It took me a while to find like-minded clinical collaborators and zoom in on specific questions that were meaningful to me but too could be implemented in the clinic.

Ultimately that brought me to two areas. One of them relates to something very basic in clinical research — extracting pertinent information from patients’ electronic records. Even though every hospital sits on a gold mine of data, it’s severely underutilized by care providers and clinical researchers, because the records are mostly in text. Unless they’re specifically trained, machines cannot read these stories; they expect a database where information is properly structured. And so, today, if you as a patient want to know how patients enjoy yourself responded to treatment in your hospital, you can’t find the answer. Even in the most prestigious journals, almost flawless the studies that utilize past patient data enact that data extraction by hand, which is expensive and deliberate and dramatically limits the scope of these studies.

In my core sphere of research, natural language processing, we’ve developed lots of tools that can automate this task. And so they applied those tools to create a database of more than 100,000 patients with breast disease from Massachusetts general and other partner hospitals that spans decades. Now with one simple query you can find a cohort of patients with the very disease features and study it over time.

Another thing I’m working on relates to reading mammograms. Today the risk models used in clinical exercise are very imprecise. Their competence to forecast who is going to find cancer is very, very low. Their understanding was to let the machine algorithm glance for patterns in the raw mammographic image: If it looks at the mammogram, from five years earlier, of a woman who went on to develop cancer, can it detect patterns?

The first step was to travail with Connie Lehman, head of breast-cancer radiology at M.G.H., to utilize radiologists’ best judgment to train the model. And that did better the predictive results, but they felt that it didn’t fully gain the goal. They wanted the machine to utilize flawless the information in the image, not just the things that radiologists are trained to spot as disease markers. They trained the machine to glance at the entire image, and they fed in flawless the data about outcomes, and they said: What is the likelihood that this person is going to find cancer in a inescapable time? This system worked way, way better than any risk models currently in clinical practice.

We are now thinking of expanding their travail to prescreen for lung and pancreatic cancer. Imagine how it can change the game if these diseases, which are now diagnosed late, when they are largely uncurable, could be detected early — how many lives can be saved. That is the way that A.I. can transform medicine. It will identify patterns far too subtle for humans to identify.

MOHR: Regina is talking about a very specific kind of A.I. — machine learning and natural language processing, rather than what they assume of in current culture, robots in the movies who walk and talk and crack jokes. We’ll savor lots of blooming analysis capability enjoy Regina is talking about long before they savor C-3PO.

In surgery, we’re too starting to utilize the very sorts of tools that Regina is applying to radiology images and natural language analysis of medical records, but we’re doing it with surgical videos and data from operations, data that they can readily harvest from surgical robots. These are machines that surgeons operate as extensions of themselves, enabling them to achieve extremely delicate surgeries, through minuscule incisions, and watch what’s going on inside the patient’s carcass via a video feed. They can actually note better than if they had carve the patient open. And the machine records every movement made and captures that video of the operation.

It is incredible how much a trained human can construe from just looking at a lone frame of a surgical procedure. A well-trained surgical resident can walk into an operating scope where a surgery is underway, and can glance up and with one glance at the screen know what kind of procedure it is, what step you are at in the procedure — they know what’s going to befall next, and they can construe if it’s going well or not, using clues enjoy if you’ve got a lot of blood in the field, or from looking at the carcass language of flawless the people in the operating room. Is the surgeon stressed out? Has the music been turned down? Are people still talking? What are they saying? There’s flawless kinds of clues.

We can utilize the data in those videos, utilize machine learning and natural language processing to train an A.I. to be able to pick up on flawless these very clues and to be able recognize the very things the resident can, and then ideally to be able to succor you with what might be the best next step. It would be enjoy providing every surgeon with the flawless surgical resident.

To achieve this, it isn’t just recognizing what is in the picture or the sounds; these algorithms necessity to understand the context, where you are in the procedure, what’s going to befall and what should ordinarily befall next. To enact flawless that, they necessity to train them on a lot of data, looking at how a thousand different surgeons enact exactly that very step, and what best practices are, and maybe clustered into five different styles of doing this particular surgery so you can construe which step to recommend next. The key is that by turning surgery into data, they can now start to utilize these remarkably powerful machine-learning tools to analyze and learn from these data. But first you necessity data. We’re lucky with their robots, but in many areas of medicine it is difficult to find your hands on the kind of data you need.

JANNOT: So, George, as you mentioned earlier, we’ve seen exponential decreases in the cost of sequencing a genome. I imagine cheap genome sequencing leads to ubiquitous genome sequencing, which leads to a superabundant novel stream of data to plumb for insights and novel health advances.

CHURCH: That’s right. We’ve gone from it costing almost $3 billion for a clinically unacceptable genome in 2004 to less than $1,000 in 2015 for a high-quality genome that precisely analyzes the DNA you inherited from your mother and father. I just started a company called Nebula Genomics, whose intent is to construct it zero dollars or less. At this point everyone should be getting paid to sequence their genomes. Because the system could reclaim something on the order of a million dollars every time they reclaim a lone child from a rare genetic disease. That million dollars should then be spread out to flawless people who participated, including the 95 percent of people who didn’t find any tainted news.

MUKHERJEE: In terms of what will drive future advances, there is the entire aspect of the genome, and then there’s the entire aspect of what people savor called the phenome — things that they do, things that they express, environmental things that befall to us, how they interact with the environment. Both are data sets. One of them is now a highly accessible data set, and with Nebula it will become a zero-dollar data set. The other one is not a zero-dollar data set, yet. But very soon you can imagine carrying some kind of GoPro, in which data becomes so cheap that you can start really monitoring that second data set, what you do, what you eat, whether you run, how much you run, the number of Fitbit steps, etc. Imagine the density of individuated information that comes from flawless this.

One implication is that 25, 50, 250 years from now, they become a kind of clinical-trial society in which empirically driven decisions are constantly popping up. But by clinical-trial society, I denote flawless sorts of questions, because the information net becomes so rich — and the capacity to understand or deconvolute that information, because of computational power and because of A.I.-dependent algorithms, becomes so rich — that they launch to matter aspects of human behavior, human selves, that were previously considered outside the realm of assessment to a kind of deeper clinical assessment.

MOHR: The natural extension of that is, they savor some kind of personal doomsday clock. And each action that they hold is either extending it or decrementing it. So, I Put something tainted in my mouth and I start to consume it, and I note that that dropped my doomsday clock a diminutive bit. I Go out for a Hurry and note that it bumps my doomsday clock up a diminutive bit — I can note the immediate projected upshot of flawless of the actions I take. If they could measure flawless of those things, people would be carrying their doomsday-clock algorithms around.

EGAN: What about privacy? If every fact about my carcass can be known, and if my erudition of those facts depends on corporations helping me to track and measure the data, I will not be able to control whose hands that information falls into. As to what they enact and assume and express, social media is already quantifying their behavior, in exchange for giving us a platform and access. They pay a price for opening ourselves to corporate data systems in exchange for information; ultimately, anyone will be able to know anything about anyone, and that’s a vulnerability.

MOHR: Privacy is at the heart of the problem around availability of medical data for training the machine-learning algorithms that they were talking about earlier. Those of us who glance at the data and note flawless the righteous it could enact savor a difficult time imagining hurting people with that very data, and yet the possibility exists that the very things that teach us how to succor people who savor a condition will allow others to discriminate against them or victimize them because of that condition. These are difficult problems, but they should try to pattern out how to find the greatest societal righteous out of this data without putting those who donate it at risk — the profit to us flawless is so potentially great. To bashful away from it because it is “hard to do” has victims, too — someone who dies when they didn’t know how to succor them, erudition that would savor been available if they had been able to pool their data — that person is worth figuring out how to save. We’re already figuring this out first in the diseases enjoy cancer because patients are very motivated to partake their data.

MUKHERJEE: Yes, and it begins to raise the question of too much information. With cancer they are already micromonitoring through blood tests, visual tests, etc. The crucial bar that they savor to cross, for cancer, is whether those tests actually savor an repercussion on saving lives or not. Ultimately the question is whether they cessation up detecting cancers that are clinically relevant, invasive, aggressive, likely to murder you — or will they be detecting thousands of cancers that aren’t actually pertinent and won’t murder you and occasions flawless sorts of economic consequences. This phenomenon is called “overdiagnosis,” and it’s a existent concern among those who create cancer-detection tests. My conviction is that they will eventually find ways to discriminate one from the other. But there are people who are skeptics in the sphere who feel that they will be overrun with useless information.

MOHR: It’s flawless about feedback loops. If you’re trying to control something and you want a specific outcome, you want to be measuring continuously, and measuring in a way that allows you to immediately construe the effects of each thing you do, because the thing you’re trying to change is behavior. They can already enact continuous glucose monitoring with a patch that just pierces the skin.

CHURCH: You might even savor an inside/outside thing, where the skin is intact, but you’ve got something on the inside that’s communicating.

MOHR: Well, in Sweden people are having RFID chips implanted in their skin so that they can pay, just with this thing in their skin. enjoy Apple Pay.

CHURCH: It’s probably less invasive than tattooing.

JANNOT: What will it denote if we’re going through their life getting constant feedback about their bodies now, their bodies in the future?

EGAN: I can only reply that as a fiction writer, because as a person, I don’t live that way and I don’t want to. Because I’m not a scientist, I’m interested in these things as they pertain to human inner life. And I arrive at it as someone who is uninterested in machines for their own sake. I assume they’re dull.

MOHR: For what it’s worth, I don’t assume Jenny needs to be interested in her data for the monitoring of it to be useful to her at some point. They monitor their electricity utilize continuously. How often enact you glance at your electricity meter? You never glance at it. Unless you find an unusually elevated bill, or something flags it. Then you’re lucky it was being measured.

MUKHERJEE: I expect that those who are well won’t look, but the ill will look. And the ill could be not just the physically ill; they could be the anxious, could be the mentally ill, could be those of us who savor anxieties about their children, their futures, could be societies that are in peril.

JANNOT: What’s this going to enact to hypochondria?

MOHR: Yeah, that could be a problem. Imagine your carcass giving you “likes” from your measured parameters. Hypochondriacs would be enjoy social-media addicts. Or maybe they’d just become extreme optimizers.

EGAN: There’s a paranoid vision that comes perquisite alongside it, which is: “There’s a machine inside me doing something, and I savor to find rid of it.” It doesn’t matter if a machine is there or not, that possibility is going to live in the minds of people who assume that way.

BARZILAY: But would you find it implanted if you didn’t want it?

EGAN: You might alarm that someone else had implanted it in you. During the world wars, people flawless over the world worried that German spies were hidden around them. Imagine what it might be enjoy to alarm something that may be inside you. assume about how telecommunications technology has saturated their inner lives — their hyperemphasis on the visual, the curating and parade of daily life, the constant monitoring of others. In the end, the technology seeps into their private experience. So when I assume of someone installing a device inside his or her carcass to pay bills, I’m appalled. But as a fiction writer, I’m ecstatic.

JANNOT: So, let’s shriek that flawless this stuff works. They savor a lot of monitoring, they savor a lot of distinguished data — what’s the goal of it all?

MOHR: If I assume about my goals for myself, it leads into why I savor chosen this particular mission for my career — why everyone at this table has chosen to delve as deeply into the things they enact — it’s about improving the human condition, and also, not incidentally, making the science better for when they and their loved ones necessity it. It’s why I build minimally invasive surgical tools. This is too why I withhold up to date on my screening tests and assume about better ways of monitoring the body: If at some point I find cancer, I want it to be Stage 1, and I’d enjoy a surgical excision to be a cure in that situation, and I want a tiny incision. Using monitoring and technology to enact minuscule course corrections, rather than needing to enact salvage when they are too far along in an illness.

CHURCH: When it comes to how they assume about changing aging from their current normal, there are two major strategies here: One is extending longevity, and the other is aging reversal. The problem with longevity extension is, if you’re not careful, you extend some of the weaker years of your life, which is not what they want. Aging reversal on the other hand sounds a diminutive more speculative, but there are several examples demonstrated in mice where you can recur ragged adult cells to embryonic stage by using a transcription factor to regulate inescapable genes. Another judgement to enact aging reversal rather than longevity is that it’s difficult to find funding for a long affliction of a longevity drug, even for a veterinary drug, because if you shriek it’s going to extend a dog’s life by 10 years, that’s a 10-year clinical trial. If you shriek that within five weeks it’s going to construct them stronger and more resistant to injury, then that’s a five-week experiment.

MUKHERJEE: In terms of longevity, the diseases that are most likely to murder us are neurological diseases and heart disease and cancer. In some other countries, there is tuberculosis and malaria and other infectious diseases, but here it’s the confirmed diseases that dominate. There are three ways to assume about these confirmed diseases. One is the disease-specific way. So, you attack Alzheimer’s as Alzheimer’s; you attack cancer as cancer. The second one is that you forget about the disease-specific manners of attacking diseases and you attack longevity or aging reversal in general. You change diet, change genes, change whatever else — they might call them “trans factors,” which would simply override the “cis factors” that existed for individual diseases. And the third option is some combination of that and some digital contour of immortality, which is that you record yourself forever, that you clone yourself and Somehow pass along that recording. Which is to shriek that the carcass is just a repository of memories, images, times. And as a repository, there’s nothing special about it. The carcass per se, the mortal coil, is just a coil.

EGAN: I feel of two minds about longevity; on one hand, I want to live to be very, very old, partly because I had kids on the late side and I want to know their children as my mother — who had me at 24 — has known mine. But taking a step back, the mass possibility of extreme longevity has a selfish, devouring aspect. I mean, we’re taxing the planet so difficult as it is, the least they can enact is not hang around forever!

JANNOT: And will they really want to? I mean, I realize this is a fanciful question, but if this flawless works in, say, 25 years, will they be happier, will they savor less sorrow in their society?

EGAN: I don’t know, because they already confront so much less death than people did, say, before antibiotics. But does having fewer of those losses really construct us happier?

CHURCH: After de-aging — or as fraction of it — they may set happiness itself as a goal. They savor clearly set as goals simple measures enjoy lowering cholesterol, but we’re just beginning to study genetically engineering behavioral phenomena related to happiness.

MOHR: I’m not certain they really understand enough about sorrow and contentment to know. There was a reserve on people in extreme and terrible environments enjoy concentration camps, and then too on people’s just general malaise. The goals were looking at what were the characteristics of people who were psychologically resistant to tragedy. And what seemed to be most notable were meaning, mastery and autonomy — feeling that there is some kind of significance associated with things you do, working toward the acquisition of novel skills and the competence to construct choices for yourself. When you’ve got those three things, you are more resistant to tragedy. Maybe that is the stealthy to contentment.

MUKHERJEE: But if machines are doing flawless the work, then we’ll savor nonexistent of those things. They won’t savor mastery, they won’t savor meaning, they won’t savor autonomy.

MOHR: But we’ll savor know-how — know-how and mastery-oriented things enjoy learning musical instruments.

CHURCH: But their future selves may not deem that rewarding — if their musical instrument is worse than the machine’s musical instrument, their chess worse than the machine’s chess. If their mastery is lower, significance is lower, because what does it denote to be able to be a indigent imitation of a machine?

EGAN: Maybe a machine will be able to play the cello better than a human, but they Go to the philharmonic to hear Yo-Yo Ma. Humans are more acute than machines, modest and simple.

MOHR: Funny you mention cello, because that is the instrument I play. There are plenty of people, and even probably some machines, who can play the cello better than I do, but that doesn’t hold significance away. I treasure the feeling of progression as I attain mastery — the beauty or the frustration in the moment. And it is my altenative to withhold trying — to withhold creating. I assume there is still distinguished potential for humans to savor their lives in the time after menial travail is done by machines.

BARZILAY: I actually believe that machines can succor us achieve their goals better than they can enact on their own. They are already using technology to expand their cognitive capacity — for instance, with machine translation they can read documents in exotic languages that they don’t know. Why can’t they expand this cognitive assistance to happiness? Happiness means different things to different people, but it is often linked to specific behaviors. Machines savor immense capacity to bethink their actions and forecast their future behavior. This gives them the capacity to succor us modify their behavior so they become their better selves. In my case, a simple heart-monitoring app changed the frequency and intensity of my running. The app gives points for achieving inescapable fitness goals. When I first saw it, I just laughed and thought, Who can be motivated by these silly rewards? But guess what? Every morning at 5 a.m., I am running. Rain, M.I.T. deadlines, sleepiness — nothing stops me from getting my running points. And this change in my life has really made me happier.

MOHR: Exactly! You savor clearly organize purpose in getting better at running, and even though a car could drive you faster, that isn’t the point at all. But both of their examples necessity bodies. Sid, in your vision of the uploaded consciousness, you’re assuming that the carcass wears out but the judgement can persist. I phenomenon if there isn’t another ceiling beyond that in which the consciousness no longer wants to be conscious. enact you find immortality by uploading and then you feel this horrible sense of eternal ennui because you were uploaded and can no longer determine to learn to play the cello or Go running along the Charles River?

MUKHERJEE: You’re stuck being conscious.

EGAN: I assume we’re forgetting a basic veracity about human life: Transience is what makes it precious. The inevitability of death infuses their lives with significance and urgency. difficult to imagine sustaining those qualities in an eternally uploaded consciousness. You’re left with just sensation. I’m not certain that’s a gain in the end.

CHURCH: Well, if you savor simple aging reversal, so you actually feel like, I changed from being 64 to being 24 — I can enact everything I could enact when I was 24 plus I savor the suffer of being older, and the open-ended explorations ahead of reading and writing their universe — I doubt that I’m going to savor a solemn case of ennui.

MOHR: You could even hold up the cello.


How Telerobotics Can Reshape Their Workspace | killexams.com existent questions and Pass4sure dumps

Peter Hirst Contributor

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At a conference ultimate October, I encountered a fascinating “creature” named AVA that I mentioned in a blog post shortly afterwards.

Though extraordinarily helpful in keeping a conversation going with another conference attendee, AVA was not a person. She (or perhaps I should shriek “it”) was a telepresence-enabled robot that made it viable for an Internet of Things World Forum participant to attend the conference in Chicago while remaining physically in Germany.

Seeing AVA made a sturdy imprint on me. So much so that earlier this year I ordered a similar robot to note if they could enable their team at the MIT Sloan School of Management’s Office of Executive Education to travail remotely without missing out on more social aspects of work-life in the office.

We already were using the habitual array of remote working technologies—chat, video conferencing, the ubiquitous email, and even virtual-reality avatars—but I was noticing that teammates who travail mostly or entirely remotely seemed still to be at a disadvantage. It is too simple to forget the person on the phone in the middle of the conference table, or even waving frantically at you from the majestic screen at the cessation of the room, and those people certainly enact not profit from flawless the side conversations or spontaneity of being able to drop into a colleague’s office for a chat.

In contrast, they are finding that the telepresence robots (we now savor three of them for an office of 35 staff) give their remote colleagues a level of human rendezvous that helps us to travail well together.

Our robot is essentially an iPad on wheels that a remote user can operate and steer around the building using a web browser or iPhone App. They can drive themselves into a conference scope or to another person’s office, for instance, or even to a water cooler or lunch table. The remote user gets an eye-level view of the people they are engaging with, and their more or less life-size mug is at eye level for us too. This way, they savor found, they can be fraction of conversations in a much more natural and organic way.

We savor too started to experiment with the telepresence robots as a way to attend executive education programs, to give participants who are unable to be there in person the competence to hold fraction in the learning suffer in a more meaningful way than a traditional video link or webcast. They still believe very strongly, of course, in the power of getting together in person, but when that is not viable or practical, telepresence robots seem to be a viable alternative.

Space Tech Moves Closer To Home

Telepresence robots are an example of the much broader sphere of telerobotics, an area of engineering that has been moving steadily away from science fiction into their everyday lives. Telerobots, simply, are robots that are controlled by people to achieve tasks remotely. enjoy many technologies that they hold for granted today, telerobotics got its start (and early R&D funding) in the space exploration and military fields. For example, Curiosity rover made it viable for NASA researchers to congregate data on the surface of Mars. And they are now sadly confidential with the image of remote controlled robots being used to defuse improvised explosive devices (IEDs).

Another example that started with a defense application and spawned major scientific, educational and commercial outcomes was pioneered by the legendary deep-sea explorer Dr. Robert Ballard from Woods pocket Oceanographic Institution. He famously used remotely operated submarines in his discovery of the Titanic’s wreck and many other distinguished shipwrecks. Today, WHOI scientists are using robots to virtually connect classrooms with underwater expeditions in existent time, so that students can suffer the excitement of exploration and discovery first-hand.

Autonomous underwater vehicle Sentry

Autonomous underwater vehicle Sentry

Telepresence robots are being used in a wide variety of other applications ranging from medicine to toxic blow cleanup to know-how installations. In hard-to-reach communities in Canada, a telerobot named Zeus serves as the eyes and hands of Dr. Mehran Anvari who performs surgeries remotely from St Joseph’s Hospital in Hamilton, Ontario.

As of ultimate year, Dr. Anvari has conducted over 20 operations using telecommunications, robotics, and skilled nurses on site. “It’s the very as if I were sitting in the operating room,” he told the BBC. “I savor both my hands on the robot the very way I would savor instruments in both hands.”

Closer to home, researchers from MIT’s Department of Mechanical Engineering savor built a bipedal robot named HERMES that has human split-second reflexes, allowing it to balance while performing intricate tasks. The engineers envision HERMES being very useful at catastrophe sites and other hazardous environments, with its precise movements controlled by a remote human operator.

HERMES punches through drywall while keeping its balance, guided by a human operator.

HERMES punches through drywall while keeping its balance, guided by a human operator.

Telerobotics, Telecommuting and Accessibility

These and countless other examples of people using robots to achieve travail remotely made me phenomenon how tremendously useful this could be for making more workplaces accessible to people with physical disabilities. It’s notable to note the dissimilarity between telepresence and telecommuting, which has been a current option for people with mobility challenges.

A growing trend in many industries, telecommuting is actively promoted by organizations that succor people with disabilities find meaningful employment. travail Without Limits, a Massachusetts network of engaged employers and innovative, collaborative partners that aims to augment employment among individuals with disabilities, cites telecommuting as a highly useful appliance for employers interested in making their workplaces more accessible. I wrote about their rendezvous with this fine organization in a previous post.

However, telecommuting has recently arrive under legal scrutiny as a “reasonable accommodation” per the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). Just enjoy the Ford Motor Company that was the beneficiary of the Sixth Circuit Court determination when it reversed its previous conviction to concede telecommuting as “reasonable accommodation” to a disabled employee, many employers are resistant to telecommuting, insisting that travail tasks necessity to be performed mug to face.

Perhaps telepresence robots could succor solve that problem by allowing employees to engage with colleagues, vendors, or customers not only in existent time, but too mug to mug (via robot), and be able to “move around” an office or a manufacturing floor?

Regardless, I hope that more enlightened employers will note the merit of expanding their mindset beyond “reasonable accommodation” and into “enabled workplace” for everyone.

In the future, no doubt more advanced assistive technologies, prosthetics, “bionics,” novel therapies, and the enjoy being developed at MIT and elsewhere, will savor profoundly advantageous impacts for people animate and working with mobility challenges and disability (both physical and cognitive.) With an ageing population, of course, that will be an increasing number of us!

Enter Machine-Enabled Workforce

In their best-selling reserve “The Second Machine Age,” my colleagues Erik Brynjolfsson, professor of Management at MIT Sloan, andAndrew McAfee, co-director of the MIT Initiative on the Digital Economy, contend some very solemn concerns about robots replacing people in the workforce. According to their findings, robots today are taking over not only the areas of travail that profit from automation—like factories, warehouses, and distribution centers—but too “knowledge work” that requires performing intricate cognitive tasks. In the opening chapter, the authors forewarn us about “the second machine age unfolding perquisite now.”

They note it as “an inflection point in the history of their economies and societies (…) but one that will bring with it some difficult challenges and choices.” Despite some rather grim predictions, Brynjolfsson and McAfee are optimistic about the future of work.

And so are the authors of a recent Harvard traffic Review article Julia Kirby, editor at large at the Harvard traffic Review, and Thomas Davenport, professor of Information Technology & Management at Babson College. Kirby and Davenport outline five highly tangible approaches that humans involved in erudition travail can hold to remain pertinent and successful in the workforce of the future.

Combining telerobotics with other technologies that are already enhancing their travail and animate spaces could be a distinguished boon to employers looking to tap into diverse talent pools. In its Global Human Capital Trends 2015 report, Deloitte lists “Machines as Talent” as one of the major trends and encourages Human Resources professionals to “focus on the opportunities cognitive technologies present through collaboration between people and machines to succor construct companies more efficient, productive, and profitable, and jobs more meaningful and engaging.”

As MIT Sloan professor of Management and Information Technology Thomas Malone said, “the future of travail is not man v. machine, but man plus machine.” You can learn more about the matter in Prof. Malone’s novel online executive education course, intelligent Organizations 4DX, in which he and flawless the program participants will be meeting as avatars in a 3D virtual-world classroom.

Happy Humans Are Better Workers  

Here at MIT Sloan Executive Education Office, they are definitely not replacing their people with machines, but instead they are using telepresence robots and other information and organizational technologies to succor their people to be more productive and, they hope, happier workers.

We want to construct certain that people working remotely or in a different time zone are able to fully participate in the work-life of the office. They want to allow people to travail more flexibly in time and place. However, they are not expecting anyone to travail around the clock just because they are not in the office physically.

We savor built a structure that seems to be working well so far. About two thirds of their employees travail remotely one to three days a week and they only interrogate everyone to be in the office in person if viable on Wednesdays. They try to hold internal meetings between 10:30 am and 4:30 pm, they discourage meetings before 8:30 am or after 5:30 pm, and encourage everyone to be solicitous about the travail patterns and preferences of others on the team, while still, of course, doing what they necessity to enact to find things done efficiently and effectively.

As I explained in a recent interview, what they are finding is that even allowing for some of the challenges of physical distance, people who travail remotely can contribute just as much if not more because they are getting so much back from not wasting time commuting, for example. Overall, esprit de corps and outcomes savor improved, as, crucially, has their agility as an organization. These facts are not disconnected.

As a manager, I value very much flawless the extra travail that people on my team are able to enact as a result of these novel ways of working. As a leader and human(e) being, though, I value even more how these innovative working practices and technologies are helping us achieve the goal of being a better location to travail for all.


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